What is Periodontal Gum Disease?
Periodontal disease is a common oral problem that typically affects people at some point in their lifetime. One sure way to know that you have periodontal disease is if the gums start to swell or bleed. In most cases, periodontal disease does not cause pain, which is why many patients end up prolonging treatment. If left untreated, periodontal disease can develop into an even worse condition known as periodontitis and lead to loss of teeth.
The main cause of periodontal disease is the build-up of plaque and bacteria; however there are plenty of other factors that can cause this condition as well.
When the gums are healthy they will be pink, firm, and will not bleed easily when you brush and floss. Do not be alarmed if they do bleed though since this can occur if you brush vigorously, catch the gum with dental floss, or use a hard-bristled toothbrush.
How do the teeth look at each stage of periodontal disease?
See picture below to understand the process
1. Before Periodontal Gum Disease – Gums are healthy and bone structure is firmly in place before periodontal disease occurs.
2. Gingivitis – In this mild stage of periodontal gum disease, the plaque and bacteria has started to irritate and inflame the gums.
3. Periodontitis – Gum recession and tartar build-up is the result of untreated periodontal disease.
4. Advanced Periodontitis – As the condition develops even further, the gums start to recede to a point where the bones start to break down. The bone structure will also begin to crumble.